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Open Educational Resources (OER)


The aim of Open Educational Resources is to improve access to learning opportunities by sharing knowledge and learning resources.

Open Educational Resources seeks to stimulate, facilities and catalyse growth of the pool of learning resources in the internet which circumvent barriers to access and lift restriction on usage, thus improving education as a social good.

“OER are teaching, learning and research resources that reside in the public domain or have been released under an intellectual property license that permits their free use and re-purposing by others. Open Educational Resources include full courses, courses materials, modules textbooks, streaming videos, tests, software, and any other tools, materials, or techniques used to support access to knowledge”

– The William and Flora Hwelet Foundation.

"Teaching, learning and research materials in any medium, digital or otherwise, that reside in the public domain or have been released under an open license that permits no-cost access, use, adaption and redistribution by others with no or limited restrictions”


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Open Educational Resources (OERs) are freely available pedagogical resources, such as lesson plans, activities, media, and supporting materials. They're a type of open access material, and open access materials such as OA journal articles, OA textbooks, and other scholarly materials may support OER lesson plans.

Open Educational Resources are broadly considered to meet the “5Rs Framework,” meaning that users are free to:

  • Retain: Users have the right to make, archive, and "own" copies of the content;
  • Reuse: Content can be reused in its unaltered form;
  • Revise: Content can be adapted, adjusted, modified, or altered;
  • Remix: The original or revised content can be combined with other content to create something new;
  • Redistribute: Copies of the content can be shared with others in its original, revised, or remixed form.

Why use OER


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Creative Commons (CC) licenses are public copyright licenses that enable the free distribution of a copyrighted work. Creators use CC licenses when they want to give people the right to share, use, and build upon a work that they have created. The licenses also protect the people who use or redistribute that creator’s work from concerns of copyright infringement, as long as they abide by the conditions that are specified in the license.


  Attribution  CC BY  |  This license lets others distribute, remix, tweak, and build upon your work, even commercially, as long as they credit you for the original creation.  View License Deed | View Legal Code

 Attribution-ShareAlike   CC BY-SA   |  This license lets others remix, tweak, and build upon your work even for commercial purposes, as long as they credit you and license their new creations under identical terms.  View License Deed | View Legal Code

  Attribution-NoDerivs  CC BY-ND   |  This license allows for redistribution, commercial and non-commercial, as long as it is passed along unchanged and in whole, with credit to you. View License Deed View Legal Code

  Attribution-NonCommercial   CC BY-NC  |  This license lets others remix, tweak, and build upon your work non-commercially, and although their new works must also acknowledge you and be non-commercial, they don’t have to license their derivative works on the same terms.  View License Deed | View Legal Code

 Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike  CC BY-NC-SA   |  This license lets others remix, tweak, and build upon your work non-commercially, as long as they credit you and license their new creations under the identical terms.  View License Deed | View Legal Code

 Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs   CC BY-NC-ND   |  This license is the most restrictive of our six main licenses, only allowing others to download your works and share them with others as long as they credit you, but they can’t change them in any way or use them commercially.   View License Deed | View Legal Code

Creative Commons also provide tools that work in the “all rights granted” space of the public domain. The CC0 tool allows licensors to waive all rights and place a work in the public domain, and the Public Domain Mark allows any web user to “mark” a work as being in the public domain.

The content in this box is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International licenseIcons by The Noun Project.




  • American Institute of Mathematics

    A list of open textbooks in various sub-disciplines of Mathematics approved by the AIM editorial board.

    Annual Report 2016/2017 (International Water Association (IWA)

    The International Water Association is a strong and thriving global organization that continues to deliver on its vision of a sustainable, water-wise world.

    Asia University

    The University Repository is a digital collection of graduate theses and dissertations, research, and scholarly output of the University. Collection of Theses, Project Papers, and University Publications.

    Bentham Open 

    BENTHAM Open publishes a number of peer-reviewed, open access journals. These free-to-view online journals cover all major disciplines of science, medicine, technology and social sciences. BENTHAM Open provides researchers a platform to rapidly publish their research in a good-quality peer-reviewed journal. All peer-reviewed accepted submissions meeting high research and ethical standards are published with free access to all. (read more)

    Note: Average publication time of 18 days between final acceptance of revised manuscript and its publication

    CORE – Open Access Research Papers

    "CORE’s mission is to aggregate all open access research outputs from repositories and journals worldwide and make them available to the public".


    Contain information about COVID-19 from EBSCO, Cambridge University Press, WILEY, and Emerald database.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ) – Journal with NO article processing charge list.

    Community-curated online directory provides access to high quality, open access, peer-reviewed journals. It is free of charge and all data is freely available.

    Directory of Open Access Repositories (DOAR)

    Global Directory of Open Access Repositories contains thousands of registered repositories based on a range of features, such as location, software, or type of material held.

    Draf Pendedahan IASB

    Financial Reporting Foundation (FRF) and the Malaysian Accounting Standard Board (MASB) are part of the financial reporting framework in Malaysia.


    Global provider of digital publishing solutions and the largest independent scholarly publishing platform.

    IEEE Open 

    IEEE offers more than 20 technically focused gold fully open access journals spanning a wide range of fields. IEEE offers over 160 hybrid journals that support open access, including many of the top-cited titles in the field. The multidisciplinary open access journal of the IEEE, publishing high quality research across all of IEEE’s fields of interest.

    Japan Science and Technology Information Aggregator Electronic (J-Stage)

    An electronic journal platform for science and technology information in Japan developed and managed by the Japan Science and Technology Agency (JST).

    Open Access Theses & Dissertation

    Free access to theses and dissertations that come from over 1100 colleges, universities, and research institutions.

    Open Access academic book publishers

    A list of Open Access academic book publishers (including Open Book Publishers, UCL Press, Open Humanities Press, White Rose University Press, and many more) can be found in this post by Open Book Publishers.

    Open University Malaysia (OUM)

    The Library is currently having a trial online database - Statista. Statista provides access to statistics and studies on over 80,000 topics and areas of interest, categorized into 22 industry sectors with approximately 600 markets and industries.


    The first multidisciplinary aggregator of Open Access journals and papers. Connecting authors with readers, boosting dissemination of new discoveries, consolidating academia around open literature.

    Potable reuse: Guidance for producing safe drinking-water (WHO)

    A practical source of drinking-water in specific circumstances on specific aspects of potable reuse, including the quality and protection of source wastewaters, types of control measures, monitoring considerations, and public acceptance.

    Protecting surface water for health (World Health Organization)

    Contain a structured approach to understand the surface waters and their catchments to support the identification, assessment, and prioritization of the risks, and the development of management strategies for their control, as a basis for providing safe drinking water.


    Provide open access and open peer review to a wide range of multidisiplinary sources.

    Stanford University, Stanford Engineering Everywhere (SEE)

    Stanford Engineering Everywhere (SEE) expands the Stanford experience to students and educators online and at no charge.

    Taylor & Francis Open

    Taylor & Francis Group’s flourishing program of full open access journals enables you to make your research freely and permanently available so anyone, anywhere can read and build upon your work. Use the subject area filter below to explore our portfolio of fully open journals and find the best home for your research.

    UNESCO Open Access

    The UNESCO Open Access (OA) Policy concerning UNESCO Publications grants an irrevocable right of access to copy, use, distribute, transmit and make derivative works in any format within certain constraints.

    Urban Water Blueprint (International Water Association (IWA))

    A full report of the Urban Water Blueprint analyzes the state of water in more than 2,000 watersheds. Mapping conservation solutions to the global water challenge.

    Wiley Open 

    Research needs to be available to the public to drive innovation and invention, and so people can find the information they need to make decisions in their lives.
    Open access articles are freely available to read, download and share. There are a number of ways you can make your research open access with Wiley – for details watch our video about Wiley's open access options.

  • Bookboon

    "As a global eBook publisher, offers a huge range of over 1000 eBooks in seven languages, directly available to download from the website."

    Subjects: Engineering, Natural Sciences, Statistics and Mathematics, Economic, and Finance.

    Directory of Open Access Books

    "The primary aim of DOAB is to increase discoverability of Open Access books."

    Subjects: Agriculture and Food Sciences, Arts and Architecture, Biology and Life Sciences, Business and Economics, Chemistry. Earth and Environmental Science, Technology and Engineering, and more.

    Free Tech Books

    Database of Free / Open Access Online Computer Science Books, Textbooks, and Lecture Notes.


    “Where academia and industry create content with global impact”

    Subjects: Physical Sciences, Engineering, Technology, Life Sciences, Health Sciences, Social Sciences, and Humanities.


    LibreTexts develop an easy-to-use online platform for the construction, customization, and dissemination of open educational resources (OER).

    Subjects: Biology, Business, Chemistry, Engineering, Mathematics. Social Sciences, Humanities, Geosciences, Medicine, Physics, Statistics, Workforce.

     MERLOT Open Access Textbook

    All the materials in MERLOT are reviewed for suitability for retention in the collection.

    Subjects: Aeronautics and Astronautics, Architecture, Chemical Engineering, Civil and Environmental Engineering, Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, Mechanical Engineering, and more.

    OAPEN Library

    A non-profit platform for Open Access academic books in the Humanities and Social Sciences.

    Open Culture Free Textbook

    Free open textbooks written by knowledgeable scholars are a relatively new phenomenon. Below, find a Meta list of 200 Free Textbooks, and check back often for new additions.

    Subjects: Art History, Biology, Business and Management, Chemistry, Classics, Computer Science & Information Systems, Earth Science, Economics & Finance, Education, Electrical Engineering, Engineering, History, Languages, Law, Linguistics, Mathematics.

     Open Stax (e-Books)

    Openly licensed and peer-reviewed textbooks supported and hosted by Rice University.

    Subjects: Mathematics, Science, Social Sciences, Humanities, Business, Essentials, College Success, and High School.

     Open Textbook Library

    Textbooks are quality checked, such that they are required to be either affiliated with an institution or adopted by multiple institutions. Free to use and distribute, and are licensed to be freely adapted or changed with proper attribution.

    Subjects: Business, Computer Science, Education, Engineering. Humanities. Journalism, Media Studies and Communications, Law, Mathematics, Medicine, Natural Science, Social Sciences, Student Success.

     Open TextBook Store

    A free collection of mathematics-related open textbooks. Includes supplements and a link to order print copies of the book.

    SUNY Open Text Book

    A catalog of open textbooks authored and peer-reviewed by SUNY faculty and staff.

  • Academic Conferences International

    A range of Conferences Worldwide as well as offering an on-line Academic Bookshop, Publishing and Dissertation Service.

    Australia and New Zealand Property Journal

    The Australian Property Institute Valuers (‘APIV’) Professional Standards Scheme (‘Scheme’) is an instrument approved under the Professional Standards Act 1994 (NSW) (‘the Act’) and regulated by the Professional Standards Councils (‘PSC’).

    Australian Journal of Educational & Developmental Psychology

    Search for Educational and Development Psychology Journal from the University of Newcastle, Australia.

    Civil Engineering Surveyor

    The monthly journal of the Chartered Institution of Civil Engineering Surveyors.

    Current Issues in Education

    Current Issues in Education (CIE) is open access, peer-reviewed academic education journal produced by doctoral students. The journal publishes articles on a broad range of education topics that are timely and have relevance in the field of education both nationally and internationally. We seek innovative scholarship that tackles challenging issues facing education.

    De Gruyter Open Access Journal

    Business and Economics, Chemistry, Computer Sciences, Cultural Studies, Engineering, Geosciences, History, Library and Information Science, Life Sciences, Mathematics, Social Sciences.

    Good Health & Well-Being (Taylor & Francis Group)

    Open access makes published academic research freely and permanently available to anyone anywhere who can read and build upon this research. At Taylor & Francis, we champion researcher choice with a variety of open access publishing options to meet the unique needs of each author.

    Islam and Civilisational Renewal (ICR)

    Islam and Civilisational Renewal (ICR) is an international peer-reviewed journal published quarterly by IAIS Malaysia in Kuala Lumpur. It carries articles, book reviews, and viewpoints on civilizational renewal and aims to promote advanced research on the contribution of Muslims to science and culture.

    International Journal of Engineering (IJE)

    Published quarterly and distributed internationally by the Materials and Energy Research Center provides a forum for the publication of significant engineering advancements and developments in chemical, civil, computer, electrical, industrial, materials, mechanical, mining, nuclear, petroleum, polymer, textile, and interdisciplinary areas of engineering. All prospective authors are invited to submit their original contributions to new theoretical and applied aspects of growing research. All manuscripts submitted, including symposium papers, will be peer-reviewed by qualified scholars assigned by the editorial board.

    International research journal of Engineering and Technology (IRJET)

    IRJET is a peer-reviewed, open access, high Impact Factor, Multidisciplinary journal in English for the enhancement of research in various disciplines of Engineering, Science, and Technology.

    Journal of E-Learning and Knowledge Society

    Contained invited papers section that includes a selection of invited papers regarding relevant subjects and from clear experts. Peer-reviewed papers section that includes the only papers that have passed a peer double-blind review, as explained in this section. Peer-reviewed communications that include the only short papers that have passed a peer double-blind review.

    Journal of Interactive Online Learning

    The Journal of Interactive Online Learning focuses on providing a venue for manuscripts, critical essays, and reviews that encompass disciplinary and interdisciplinary perspectives in regards to issues related to higher-level learning outcomes.

    Journal of Occupational Safety and Health (JOSH) 

    The Journal of Occupational Safety and Health (JOSH) is devoted to enhance the knowledge and practice of occupational safety and health (OSH) by widely disseminating research articles and applied studies of highest quality.

    JOSH provides a solid base to bridge the issues and concerns related to OSH. JOSH offers scholarly, peer-reviewed articles, including correspondence, regular papers, articles and short reports, announcements and etc.

    Journal of Oil Palm Research

    An international refereed journal on oil palm.

    Journal of Technology Education

    At Virginia Tech, we're reimagining how education and technology intersect. This approach transforms the ways we teach and learn, perform research, and engage with communities around the world.

    Journal of Tropical Science Forest

    The Journal of Tropical Forest Science (JTFS) is an internationally reviewed journal concerning the science, technology, and development of tropical forests and forest products. The journal welcomes articles reporting original fundamental or applied research on tropical forest biology, ecology, chemistry, management, silviculture, conservation, utilization, and product development.

    Nature research

    Nature Communications is an open-access journal that publishes high-quality research from all areas of the natural sciences. Papers published by the journal represent important advances of significance to specialists within each field.

    Open Library of the Humanities

    A charitable organization and publishing platform that hosts Open Access academic journals in the Humanities.

    Robotics & Automation Engineering Journal (RAEJ)

    International peer-reviewed online journal which is providing a platform to researchers, scientists, engineers, and professionals throughout the world to publish the latest creations, future challenges, and exciting applications of intelligent and self-ruling robots.

     Scientific Journal

    Search for educational and human development journal from Scientific Journals.

    Scientific Report

    Scientific Reports is an open-access journal publishing original research from across all areas of the natural and clinical sciences.

    The International journal of science and research (IJSR)

    IJSR is Open Access, Fully Refereed, and Peer Reviewed International Journal. It is a Referred, Highly Indexed, Online International Journal with High Impact Factor.

    The Open Mechanical Engineering Journal

    The Open Mechanical Engineering Journal is an open access online journal, which publishes high-quality research articles, reviews/mini-reviews, letters, and guest-edited single topic issues, in all important areas of mechanical engineering. The journal encourages submissions related to the following fields of mechanical engineering.


    Sustainability is an international, cross-disciplinary, scholarly, peer-reviewed and open access journal of environmental, cultural, economic, and social sustainability of human beings. It provides an advanced forum for studies related to sustainability and sustainable development, and is published semimonthly online by MDPI. The Society for Urban Ecology (SURE)Canadian Urban Transit Research & Innovation Consortium (CUTRIC) and International Council for Research and Innovation in Building and Construction (CIB) are affiliated with Sustainability and their members receive discounts of the article processing charge.

    Journal of Law and Sustainable Development 

    The  Journal of Law and Sustainable Development serves as a dynamic forum for understanding and advancing the scientific consensus in the law field. Also, the sustainable development goals of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development are considered by the journal. This open access journal is edited by Publisher ALUMNI IN and also it is supported by Management Institute (Warsaw University of Life Sciences, Poland).

  • AlJazeera 

    For decades Al Jazeera has been pushing the boundaries of free access to information, free thought, and free expression in one of the most uncompromising parts of the world. Al Jazeera's newsrooms and bureaus around the world are full of intrepid men and women with stories to tell.

    Arab News

    Arab News is Saudi Arabia's first English-language newspaper. Arab News is popular among many sections of Saudi society, including nationals and foreign residents, and from various socio-economic levels — guest workers to company CEOs.

    Bangkok Post 

    The Bangkok Post is an English-language daily newspaper published in Bangkok, Thailand. It is published in broadsheet and digital formats.

    BBC News 

    BBC News is an operational business division of the British Broadcasting Corporation responsible for the gathering and broadcasting of news and current affairs.

    Berita Harian Online

    The content, text, images, graphics, sound files, animation files, video files, and their arrangement on this Website are all subject to copyright and other intellectual property protection.

    Borneo Bulletin 

    The Borneo Bulletin is a daily English-language newspaper in Brunei. It is published by Brunei Press, which also publishes a Malay-language daily, Media Permata.

    Borneo Post Online

    Bringing you the latest news on politics, entertainment, sports, opinions, business, world and highlights from Sarawak, Sabah and Peninsular Malaysia.

    China Daily

    China Daily is the official English-language newspaper for major international forums and activities held in China.

    Daily Express

    Daily Express Online (Malaysia) is Sabah's top-ranked & most viewed English news site. It is also Sabah's leading & most circulated daily English newspaper.


    Harakah is a newspaper founded in 1987 and published by PAS. In addition to using the Malay language, the paper includes an 8-page English language pullout consisting of pages and columns written in English called the English Section. A page in Jawi writing was introduced in 2007.

    Herald Sun

    The Herald Sun is Victoria’s home for breaking news, footy, and hard-hitting opinion, and holds the title of Australia’s most-read newspaper.

    Malaysia Today

    Free Malaysia Today is an independent, bilingual news online portal with content, in both English and Bahasa Malaysia, with a focus on Malaysian current affairs, published since 2009.


    The content, text, images, graphics, sound files, animation files, video files, and their arrangement on this Website are all subject to copyright and other intellectual property protection. These objects may not be copied for commercial use or distribution, nor may these objects be modified or reposted to other sites. This Website may contain images or content whose copyrights are owned by or whose moral rights are attributable to third parties.

    New Sabah Times

    The trusted source for Malaysia's latest local news, updates, events and investigations. Quality articles from field journalists, presenting to you from every side.

    New Straits Times

    The content, text, images, graphics, sound files, animation files, video files, and their arrangement on this Website are all subject to copyright and other intellectual property protection.


    The New Zealand Herald connects Kiwis to the nation, the world, and to what matters to them. A trusted news source for breaking and local news. The NZ Herald is part of the fabric of New Zealand, it's a daily newspaper, an award-winning website, mobile site, and app.

    Philippine Star 

    Digital portal of the STAR Group of Publications: Delivers the latest news and views, multimedia, analyses and in-depth reports on the Philippines.

    Phnom Penh Post 

    The Phnom Penh Post news are Cambodia's only international award winning newspaper.

    Sinar Harian

    Kumpulan Karangkraf Sdn Bhd (54179-V) (“KARANGKRAF”) syarikat penerbitan majalah, bersama-sama syarikat subsidiari, syarikat berkaitan dan syarikat bersekutu dengannya (secara kolektifnya “KUMPULAN KARANGKRAF”) yang turut menyediakan kemudahan multimedia dan interaktif melalui laman web (“”).

    Sin Chew Daily

    Sin Chew Daily, formerly known as Sin Chew Jit Poh, is a leading Chinese-language newspaper in Malaysia.

    Tamil Nesan

    List of Tamil newspapers and Tamil news sites including Daily Thanthi, Dinamalar, Tamil Murasu, Dina Mani, and Dinakaran for today's online news in Tamil.

    The Guardian

    Guardian Media Group is amongst the world’s leading media organizations with a global, progressive audience. Our main business is Guardian News & Media, one of the largest English-speaking quality news websites in the world.

    The Japan Times

    The Japan Times fully understands the importance of protecting personal information, and observes all applicable laws and regulations relating to privacy protection.

    The Jakarta Post 

    The Jakarta Post is a daily English-language newspaper in Indonesia. The paper is owned by PT Niskala Media Tenggara and based in the nation's capital, Jakarta. The Jakarta Post started as a collaboration between four Indonesian media at the urging of Information Minister Ali Murtopo and politician Jusuf Wanandi.

    The Korea Herald

    The Korea Herald is South Korea's largest English-language daily and the country's sole member of the Asia News Network (ANN).

    The Malay Mail

    The star of the latest Malaysia news, news on politics, lifestyle, opinions & the world.

    The New York Times

    In our interconnected world, nothing simply takes place "over there." The New York Times International Edition pulls together on-the-ground reporting from 159 countries, bringing you the stories that define our times in one concise, digestible daily paper.

    The Star

    The website was recognized in 2014 as one of the best in Asia by the World Association of Newspapers and News Publishers (WAN-IFRA). As the digital companion to The Star newspaper, The Star Online is part of a portfolio that offers content through print, The Star ePaper, and a mobile app.

    The Straits Times 

    The Straits Times is an English-language daily broadsheet newspaper based in Singapore and currently owned by Singapore Press Holdings. The Sunday Times is its Sunday edition.

    The Sun

    Online companion for the daily free, advertisement supported paper. Provides local, international news, columnists and letters to editors.

    Today Online

    Beyond Singapore, Mediacorp is an active regional player bringing together industry-leading brands like ESPN, Edipresse Media,, and VICE through the Mediacorp Partner Network to deliver rich content for consumers and effective solutions for advertisers.

    Toronto Star

    Toronto Star is a leading Canadian media and data company that aims to help people better understand the world and each other.

    USA Today

    USA TODAY delivers current local and national news, sports, entertainment, finance, technology, and more through award-winning journalism, photos, videos.

    Utusan Malaysia

    Utusan Malaysia is a Malaysian Malay-language daily newspaper. Formerly owned by the Utusan Group, the newspaper is currently owned by Media Mulia. Distinctive for its blue masthead as its logo and trademark, Utusan Malaysia is the oldest Malay-language newspaper in Malaysia and the world.

    Vanakkham Malaysia

    Vanakkam Malaysia online daily is the leading Tamil news site in Malaysia and since its inception in 2003 it has attracted hundreds of thousands of visitors

    Viet Nam News 

    Việt Nam News is a daily English-language newspaper, published in Hanoi by the Vietnam News Agency, the news service of the government of Vietnam.

  • Creative Common Search

    Access various digital media search services such as Google Images, Flickr, Europeana and Wikimedia Commons. Verify whether an individual work is available under a Creative Commons license before reuse.


    Offers access to millions of digitized items from European museums, libraries and archives. Search for the author or title, and in the left-side panel narrow results by file type (“text”), and by copyright (“public domain marked”).


    Home to tens of billions of photos and search for reusable images, in ”Advanced Search”, choose from the pull-down menu the type of license needed.

    Google Image (Advance Search)

    From the Google Image Advanced Search page, limit your search by "usage rights" (e.g. "Free to use and share, even commercially").

    Getty Search Gateway

    The Getty Search Gateway allows users to search across several of the Getty repositories, including collections databases, library catalogs, collection inventories, and archival finding aids.

    Library of Congress

    This portal features content that is free to use and reuse.

    New York Public Library Digital Collections

    For free images, select the "Search only public domain items" option to limit your results to no known copyright restrictions items. When browsing, turn on the “Show Only Public Domain” button in the upper left corner.


    Photo sharing platform created in 1998 by Michael Jastremski. Contributors offered their images free of charge under CC licensing terms and conditions which vary from image to image.


    High quality free images and royal free videos shared by Pixabay's talented community.

    Wikimedia Commons

    Online repository of free-use images, sound and other media files. Almost all content may be freely reused subject to certain restrictions and terms of use. Check the license of individual source for reuse.


    Pexels is a provider of stock photography and stock footage. It was founded in Germany in 2014 and maintains a library with over 3.2 million free stock photos and videos.


    Freepik is an image bank with its own production company that offers more than 10 million graphic resources. Among the visual content produced and distributed by the online platform you can find photographs, PSDs, illustrations and vectors.


    Free stock photos, textures, backgrounds and graphics for your next project. No attribution required.


    Photopea is a web-based photo and graphics editor. It is used for image editing, making illustrations, web design or converting between different image formats. Photopea is advertising-supported software. It is compatible with all modern web browsers, including Opera, Edge, Chrome, and Firefox.


    Unsplash is a website dedicated to proprietary stock photography. The website claims over 265,000 contributing photographers and generates more than 16 billion photo impressions per month on their growing library of over 3.48 million photos. It has been owned by Getty Images since 2021.



  • Creative Commons Search

    Convenient access to search services provided by other independent sites that provide images, audio, and video. CC has no control over the results that are returned. Hence look for results that are under a CC license.

    Critical Commons

    A community of people who seek to promote the use of media in teaching. The materials posted here are mostly presented using Fair Use guidelines.


    An online video-sharing site focused on social justice and environmental issues in the Asia-Pacific.

    Internet Archive Feature Films

    Internet Archive's films, shorts, silent films, and trailers are available for viewing/downloading.

    Vimeo Creative Commons

    The site has a clear explanation of the different Creative Commons licenses and how you can or cannot use the videos.

    Wikimedia Commons

    “Wikimedia Commons only accepts free content that is not subject to copyright restrictions which would prevent them from being used by anyone, anytime, for any purpose."


    An online video community that provides millions of originally-created videos for viewing. The key is filtering them to isolate the Creative Commons-licensed ones

    Ted Talk 

    TED is a nonprofit devoted to spreading ideas, usually in the form of short, powerful talks (18 minutes or less). TED began in 1984 as a conference where Technology, Entertainment and Design converged, and today covers almost all topics — from science to business to global issues — in more than 100 languages. Meanwhile, independently run TEDx events help share ideas in communities around the world.

  • Benchmarking Online Networking Database (BOND) – Malaysia Productivity Corporation (MPC)

    MPC’s web-based platform to exclusively disseminate information on best practices to organizations nationwide and to provide management systems and case studies specifically to foster positive growth within the respective corporations.

    Earth Sciences Malaysia (ESMY) 

    Earth Science Malaysia (ESMY) is an Open Access, peer reviewed, academic Journal promoting the various interdisciplinary aspects of earth sciences. The Journal focuses upon publishing various aspects under the scope of Physical Geography, Geomorphology, Soil Study, Hydrology, Meteorology, Climatology, Biogeography, Geology, Mineralogy and Petrology, Geochemistry, Paleontology, Stratigraphy, Structural Geology, Geology Engineering, Sedimentology, Geophysics and Geodesy, Seismic Activity, Crustal Geology, Edaphology and Pedology, Ecology, Oceanography and Limnology, Glaciology, Atmospheric Sciences, Atmospheric Chemistry, Atmospheric Physics, Gravity, Heat Flow, Vibrations, Electricity, Electromagnetic Waves, Magnetism, Radioactivity, Fluid Dynamics, Mineral Physics, Regions of the Earth, Size and form of the Earth, Structure of the Interior, Magnetosphere, Space Probes, etc.

    IEM Journal (The Institution of Engineers, Malaysia)

    IEM is a society established to promote and advance the Science and Profession of Engineering in any or all its disciplines and to facilitate the exchange of information and ideas related to Engineering.

    Geological Society of Malaysia 

    The Geological Society of Malaysia exists to promote the professional, scientific and academic endeavours of our members, and the advancement of the geosciences in Malaysia and in South East Asia. We publish the Bulletin, a journal for scientific papers and the Warta Geologi, a Newsletter for information of the activities of the Society. We organise conferences, field trips, seminars, short courses and technical talks.

    Jurnal Penyelidikan Pendidikan Guru

    Search for Jurnal Penyelidikan Pendidikan Guru from Ministry of Education Malaysia.

    Malaysian Accounting Standards Board (MASB) 

    The Malaysian Accounting Standards Board (MASB) was established under the Financial Reporting Act 1997 (Act) as the standard-setting body of Financial Reporting Foundation (FRF) whose functions shall be the determination and issuance of accounting standards for the preparation of financial statements, which are required to be prepared or lodged under any law administered by the Securities Commission Malaysia, Bank Negara Malaysia or the Registrar of Companies.

    The Malaysian Surveyor (TMS) (Royal Institution Surveyor Malaysia)

    The first issue of the ‘Surveyors Quarterly Gazette’ was dispatched to members on 23rd January 1965. It contained 18 pages and one article.

    Malaysian Journal of Soil Science

    It contains a paper in English on matters relating to soil and soil-plant problems. The journal welcomes original reports and notes on research not previously or simultaneously published in any scientific or technical journal from members of the Malaysian Society of Soil Science as well as other workers in Malaysia and abroad. The aim of the journal is to promote the development of soil science in Malaysia, other tropical and subtropical regions.

    Malaysian Journal of Sustainable Agriculture (MJSA)  

    Malaysian Journal of Sustainable Agricultural (MJSA) is a cross-disciplinary, peer-reviewed journal dedicated to advancing the understanding of sustainability in agricultural and food systems. MJSA publishes papers concerned with the advance of agriculture and the use of land resources throughout the world. MJSA publishes both theoretical developments and critical appraisals of new evidence on what is not sustainable about current or past agricultural and food systems, as well as on transitions towards agricultural and rural sustainability at farm, community, regional, national and international levels, and through food supply chains. It is committed to clear and consistent use of language and logic, and the use of appropriate evidence to substantiate empirical statements. It publishes original scientific work related to strategic and applied studies in all aspects of agricultural science and exploited species, as well as reviews of scientific topics of current agricultural relevance.

    PALMOILIS (Palm Oil Information Online Service) 

    PALMOILIS is an online database service developed and hosted by the Malaysian Palm Oil Board (MPOB). The above service was launched in 1993 on occasion of the PORIM International Palm Oil Congress 1993. Palm oil data, information and knowledge are the strategic resources, the intellectual capital and the main product of MPOB. Hence, PALMOILIS is a portal for Information & Knowledge on palm oil and oil palm.


    Sustainability is an international, cross-disciplinary, scholarly, peer-reviewed and open access journal of environmental, cultural, economic, and social sustainability of human beings. It provides an advanced forum for studies related to sustainability and sustainable development, and is published semimonthly online by MDPI. The Canadian Urban Transit Research & Innovation Consortium (CUTRIC) and International Council for Research and Innovation in Building and Construction (CIB) are affiliated with Sustainability and their members receive discounts of the article processing charge.

  • Academic Earth

    To keep up with the increasing demand for online options, more and more schools are offering a variety of courses that can be completed remotely, allowing you more flexibility in learning.

    Delft University of Technology OpenCourseWare

    Health, energy, sustainability, water, environment, and infrastructures & mobility are among the most important themes in today’s society. TU Delft has researched and made an important scientific contribution to solving issues facing society that relate to these themes.

    Harvard University Open Learning Initiative

    Explore new interests and career opportunities with courses in computer science, biology, engineering, architecture, data science, and more.

    Middle East Technical University OpenCourseWare

    A free and open educational resource for faculty, students, and self-learners throughout the world. METU OCW does not grant credits or degrees and does not provide access to faculty. METU OCW gives you open access to the materials used in a variety of courses.

    MIT OpenCourseWare

    MIT's repository of all its courses made openly available. Find courses by MIT course number or department. As with other Creative Commons licenses, when adopting MIT material for your teaching, credit must be given to MIT and the faculty authour of the respective material.

    OER Commons

    Public digital library of open educational resources. Contain Applied Science, Arts and Humanities, Business and Communication, Career and Technical Education, Education, English, History, Law, Life Sciences, Mathematics, Physical Science, and Social Science.

    Open Course Library

    Collection of shareable course materials, including syllabi, course activities, readings, and assessments designed by teams of college faculty, instructional designers, librarians, and other experts.

    OpenCourseware, Utah State University

    Anthropology, Biological and Irrigation Engineering, Biology, Civil and Environmental Engineering, Economics, Education, Electrical and Computer Engineering, English, Family, Consumer, & Human Development, History, Instructional Technology & Learning Sciences, Languages, Philosophy and Speech Communication, Mathematics and Statistics, Other Educational Resources, Physics, Psychology, Theatre Arts, University Extension, University Studies, and Wildland Resources.

    Open Michigan

    Publicly-funded research is accessible to citizens, providing a platform for teachers and students to find and re-use high-quality educational materials, and educating scholars about the benefits of sharing their work with the world beyond our campus.

    Washington University OpenUW

    Contains Biotech, Health Care & Social Work, Data & Applied Math, Engineering, Construction & Sustainability, Programming & Tech, and more.

    Wisonsin’s Technical Colleges WISC-Online

    Contains Art & Humanities, Computer Science, Manufacturing & Engineering, Social Science, and more.

    Open Yale Courses

    The courses span the full range of liberal arts disciplines, including humanities, social sciences, and physical and biological sciences.

    Skills Common

    SkillsCommons is a free and open online library containing free and open learning materials and program support materials for job-driven workforce development.

    Mastering Software Development in R

    To write, publish, and sell an e-book or online course.


    PhET provides fun, free, interactive, research-based science and mathematics simulations.

    Lumen Learning

    Its design for highly effective online and technology-enhanced instruction, learning data analysis with a focus on improving outcomes, and community collaboration.


    Offers high-quality learning materials for open education resources.


    Developed by the State of California Higher Education Systems who are working together to provide easy access to quality OER that everyone can use for teaching and learning.

    Open Culture 

    Take online courses from the world’s top universities for free. Below, you will find 1,700 free online courses from universities like Yale, MIT, Harvard, Oxford and more.

  • Slides Carnival

     This site can download your presentation as a PowerPoint template or use it online as a Google Slides theme. You can also export your slides to other formats: PDF, JPG, PNG.

    This site can download for editing your magazines, article, and PowerPoint template.

    Slide Share

    Show what you know through a presentation, infographic, document, or video. Visual formats help you stand out and resonate more with your readers. Then you upload to Slide Share, you reach an audience that’s interested in your content.


    Canva is a free-to-use online graphic design tool. Use it to create social media posts, presentations, posters, videos, logos and more.

    Discover the best Google Slides themes and PowerPoint templates you can use in your presentations - 100% Free for any use.


    Emaze is the next generation of online content creation. Choose from hundreds of templates to create customized presentations, websites, blogs and more.

    Slides Mania 

    Original designs, completely customizable and easy to edit. Take your presentations and lessons to the next level with these amazing free templates!


    Thousands of amazing free templates are waiting for you. With Fotor's drag-and-drop design tool, you can easily create any stunning graphic design with those beautiful design templates for any occasion in minutes.


    CERMINE is a comprehensive open source system for extracting metadata and content from scientific articles in born-digital form.


    ChatGPT is an advanced AI chatbot trained by OpenAI which interacts in a conversational way. The dialogue format makes it possible for ChatGPT to answer followup questions, admit its mistakes, challenge incorrect premises, and reject inappropriate requests.


    ChatPDF allows you to talk to your PDF documents as if they were human. It’s perfect for quickly extracting information or answering questions from large PDF files like manuals, essays, legal contracts, books, or research papers. ChatPDF analyzes the PDF to create a semantic index of every paragraph, and when you ask a question, the AI will use relevant paragraphs to give you an answer.

    Get great copy that sells. is an AI-powered copywriter that generates high-quality copy for your business.

    Create AI videos from just text. Build customized AI videos with a presenter in minutes without using a camera, studio and a greenscreen.

    Essay AI Lab

    Finish Your Essay Today! EssayAiLab Suggests Best Contents and Helps You Write. Grammar Correction. No Plagiarism! 

    Take control of your learning experience with – the AI-powered tool that turns voice and audio into text. Whether you’re in a classroom or a study group, can help you capture and share notes, summaries, and lectures.

    With seamless integration into apps like Zoom, Google Meet, and Microsoft Teams, makes staying organized and on top of your work a breeze. Furthermore, as it constantly improves its accuracy, is a must-have tool for any student looking to optimize their information gathering.

    QuillBot's AI-powered paraphrasing tool will enhance your writing.


    Symbolab: equation search and math solver - solves algebra, trigonometry and calculus problems step by step.

    Create videos from plain text in minutes. AI video creation is a time and cost-efficient alternative to the complex and costly traditional video creation processes.


    A fundamentally new paradigm for getting knowledge and answers—not by searching the web, but by doing dynamic computations based on a vast collection of built-in data, algorithms and methods. Bringing broad, deep, expert-level knowledge to everyone, anytime, anywhere.